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SSL (Secure Socket Layer)

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is a cryptographic protocol that ensures secure communication between web browsers and servers by encrypting data transmitted over the internet, preventing unauthorized access, interception, or tampering of sensitive information, such as personal data, payment details, and login credentials. In academia, SSL encryption is studied within the fields of computer security, network protocols, and information technology (IT) infrastructure. Researchers investigate SSL encryption mechanisms, including symmetric encryption, asymmetric encryption, and digital certificates, to establish secure and trusted connections between clients and servers, verifying the authenticity and integrity of web communications and protecting against eavesdropping and data breaches. SSL certificates play a critical role in web security and data privacy by providing cryptographic keys and digital signatures to authenticate web servers and encrypt data transmissions, ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of online interactions and transactions for users and organizations. By implementing SSL encryption and obtaining SSL certificates, websites and web applications can enhance trust, credibility, and compliance with privacy regulations, such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), to safeguard sensitive information and build customer confidence in online experiences. Academic studies on SSL also explore its vulnerabilities, security threats, and encryption algorithms, as well as best practices for SSL deployment, certificate management, and security hygiene to mitigate risks and ensure robust protection against cyber attacks and data breaches in the evolving threat landscape of the digital economy.

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